Astroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux, is a long-term condition in which the stomach contents rise above the esophagus, resulting in symptoms or complications. In the symptoms, the back part of the mouth involves the taste of acid, jealousy, breath odor, chest pain, vomiting, trouble breathing, and bad teeth. Complications include esophagitis, esophageal stiffness and barat's esophagus.
Risk factors include obesity, pregnancy, smoking, hepatel hernia and some medicines. Medicines included may contain antihistamine, calcium channel blockers, antidepressants and sleeping pills. Acid reflux is due to the poor closure of lower esophageal sphincter, which occurs on the junction between stomach and esophagus. Those who did not improve with simple measures, diagnosis may include gastroscopy, upper GI series, asophageal pH monitoring or asophageal menometry. Treatment options include changes in lifestyle; Drugs; And sometimes do surgery for those who do not improve with the first two measures. Lifestyle Changes do not lie down till three hours after eating, lifting a bed, losing weight, avoiding foods that have symptoms, and stop smoking. Medicines include antacid, H2 receptor blockers, proton pump inhibitors, and prokanetics.
In the western world, 10 to 20% of GERD population is affected. Occasional gastroesophageal reflux without problematic symptoms or complications is even more common. The classic symptoms of GERD were first described in 1925, when Friedenwald and Feldman had commented on the possible reluctance of Hitler and Herbert Hernia. In 1934, gastroenterologist Usher Winkelstein described reflux and attributed stomach acids to the symptoms.