Bipolar disorder, previously known as demented depression, is a mental disorder that causes the time of depression and during the unusually high mood. The high mood is important and is known as mania or hypomania, depending on its severity, or whether symptoms of psychosis are present.
During mania, a person behaves or feels unusually energetic, happy or irritable. Individuals often make very little decisions about the results.
The need for sleep usually decreases during the manicure. During the duration of depression, crying, negative attitude on life, and others may have had contact with the eye.
In 20 years, the risk of suicide among people suffering from a disease is more than 6 percent, while suicide is in 30-40 percent. Other mental health issues such as anxiety disorder and substance use disorders are usually associated with bipolar disorder.
The reasons are not clearly understood, but both the environment and the genetic factors play a role. Many of the small effects contribute to the gene risk. Environmental risk factors include the history of childhood misuse and long-term stress. Approximately 85% of the risk is responsible for genetics.
The condition is classified as bipolar I disorder if at least one manic episode is accompanied by depressed episodes or in the form of bipolar II disorder if at least one hypomanic episode (but no frantic episodes and a major In people with less severe symptoms of long-term, the cyclothymic disorder can be diagnosed.
If the symptoms are due to medicines or medical problems, then it is classified separately.
Other conditions that may be present evenly include lack of attention, hyperactivity disorder, personality disorder, schizophrenia, and substance use disorders, as well as many medical conditions, medical diagnosis is not required for diagnosis, although blood tests or medical imaging These problems can be detected.
Bipolar disorder is treated with medicines, such as mood stabilizers and antisiacotics, as well as psychotherapy. Mood stabilizers can improve mood disorders, and include lithium and some anticonvulsant such as valproate and carbamazepine.
Involuntary treatment may be needed in the hospital if a person is at risk for himself or others, but refuses treatment. Serious behavioral problems, such as movement or rhythm, can be managed with short-term antisiacotics or benzodiazepines.
In the period of hysteria, it is recommended that antidepressants be stopped. If an antidepressant is used for the antidepressant period, they should be used with the mood stabilizer.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), while not studied very well, can be tried for those who do not respond to other therapies. If treatment is stopped, then it is recommended that it be done gradually.
Many people have financial, social or work-related problems due to illness. These difficulties range from one quarter to one-third of the time.
Due to the lifestyle choices and the side effects of medicines, the risk of death due to natural causes such as cardiovascular disease in people with bipolar risk is twice the general population.
Bipolar disorder has almost affected approximately 1% of the global population. In the United States, about 3% of their life is estimated to be affected; Rates appear to be equal in women and men. The most common age at which the symptoms start 25.
In 1991, the economic cost of the disorder for the United States was estimated at $ 45 billion. A large proportion of this was related to more than 50 estimated working days per year. People with bipolar disorder most of the times face problems with the social stigma.