Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that involves internal layers of the skin. This affects dermis and subcutaneous fat in particular. Signs and symptoms include an area of redness that increases in size in a few days.
Limitations of the area of the redness are usually not sharp and the skin may become swollen. While redness often turns white when pressure is applied, it is not always the case. The area of infection is usually painful. Lymphatic vessels can sometimes be involved, and a person may have a fever and may feel tired. Legs and face are the most common sites, although cellulitis can occur on any part of the body. The feet are usually affected after breaks in the skin. Other risk factors include obesity, foot swelling and old age. . For facial infection, a pause is not usually done in the skin before. The most commonly included bacteria are Streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus. Unlike cellulitis, Arizepelus is a bacterial infection that contains more superficial layers of skin, which are present with well-defined edges with the area of redness, and are more often associated with fever.
. Diagnosis is usually based on the present signs and symptoms, while cell culture is rarely possible. Prior to diagnosing, more severe infections such as an underlying bone infection or necrotizing fasciitis should be denied. Treatment usually occurs with oral antibiotics such as cephalexin, amoxicillin or cloxacin. For those who have serious allergies from penicillin, erythromycin or clindamycin. When methicillin resistant S orius (MRSA) is a concern, then doxycycline or trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole can be recommended. Anxiety is related to the presence of pus or previous MRSA infection. It can be useful to elevate the infected area, as it can be painkiller.