Constipation refers to bowel movements, which are infrequent or difficult to pass. Males are often rigid and dry. Other symptoms may include stomachache, swelling and feeling like someone has not completely bowed. Complications of constipation may include hemorrhoids, anal fissure or fecal effects.

The normal frequency of bowel movements in adults is between three and three per week. Babies often have three to four bowel movements per day, while young children usually have two to three per day. There are many causes of constipation.

Common causes include slow motion of the stool, irritable bowel syndrome and pelvic floor disorders within the colon. Related diseases include hypothyroidism, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, celiac disease, non-celiac vaccine sensitivity, colon cancer, diverticulitis, and inflammatory bowel disease.

Medicines associated with constipation include opioids, some antacids, calcium channel blockers, and anticolinogens. Constipation develops in about 90% opioids. If there is loss of weight or anemia, constipation is high, there is blood in the stool; there is a history of inflammatory bowel disease or stomach cancer in a person's family, or it is a new beginning in an old person.

The treatment of constipation depends on the underlying cause and the period in which it is present. Measures that can help drink plenty of fluids, eat more fiber and exercise. If this is not effective, bulk formulating agents, osmotic agents, soft softener, or lubricant type laxatives can be recommended. . When other types are not effective, stimulant laxatives are usually reserved. Other treatments may include bio feedback or rare cases of surgery.

The constipation rate in the general population is 2-30 percent. The rate of constipation is 50-75 percent among elderly people living in a care home. People spend in the United States, more than US $ 250 million in medicines for constipation in a year.

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