Menopause / PMS

Menopause / PMS

Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's life when menstrual casts permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children. Menopause usually occurs between the ages of 49 and 52 years.

Medical professionals often define menopause, when a woman has not had bleeding from the vagina for one year.

It can also be defined by the lack of hormone production by the ovaries. In those people whose surgery has been done to remove the uterus, but still have ovaries, menopause may occur at the time of surgery or when their hormone levels have fallen, then after the removal of the uterus, the symptoms are usually the first, On average, at the age of 45.

In the years before menopause, the period of a woman usually becomes irregular, which means that the duration can be longer or less or the amount of flow can be light or heavy. During this time, women often experience hot flashes; It usually lasts 30 seconds to ten minutes and can be related to skin shaking, sweating and red. Hot flashes often occur after a year or two. Other symptoms include dryness of the vagina, changes in sleep and changes in the mood.

The severity of symptoms in women is different. While menopause is often considered to be related to the increase in cardiovascular disease, it is mainly due to the rising age and it is not directly related to menopause. In some women, problems like endometriosis or traumatic period after menopause were present.

Menopause is usually a natural change. This can happen in those people who take tobacco. Other causes include surgery that removes ovary or some types of chemotherapy. At the physical level, menopause hormone is caused by a decrease in the production of estrogen and progesterone ovaries.

While usually not necessary, the diagnosis of menopause can be confirmed by measuring hormone levels in blood or urine. Menopause is the opposite of menopause, the time when the duration of a girl starts. Usually, specific treatment is not required.

Some symptoms, however, can be improved with treatment. In relation to hot flashes, it is advisable to avoid smoking, caffeine, and alcohol. Sleeping in a quiet room and may help to use a fan. The following medicines can help menopause hormone therapy (MHT), clonidine, gabapentin or selective serotonin rapetech inhibitor.

Exercise can help with sleep problems. While the MHT was scheduled once, it is now only recommended for people with significant symptoms, because there are concerns about side effects. High-quality evidence has not been found for the effectiveness of alternative medicine. There is temporary evidence for phytoestrogens.

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