Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which is also called as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), are harmful infections that are usually spread through sexual activity, especially vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, and oral sex, initially, due to STI symptoms Are not there. This leads to the greater risk of others passing through the disease. Symptoms and signs of the disease may include vaginal discharge, adolescence, around the genitals or pelvic pain. STI can be transmitted to a child before or during the birth of the child and as a result, there may be bad consequences for the child. Some STIs can create problems with the ability to get pregnant.
Over 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites can be transmitted through sexual activity. Bacterial STI includes chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Viral STI includes genital herpes, HIV / AIDS, and genital warts. Parasitic STI includes trichomoniasis. While usually spread by sex, some STIs can spread from non-sexual contact to donor tissue, blood, lactation or during the birth of a child. STI clinical trials are readily available in the developed world, but often not in the developing world.
The most effective way to stop STI is not sexual. Some vaccinations may reduce the risk of some infections, including hepatitis B and certain types of HPV. Safe sex behaviors such as the use of condoms, having a lower number of sexual partners, and being in a relationship where each person only has sex with the other, reduces the risk. Circumcision can be effective in men to prevent some infections. During school, extensive sex education can also be useful. Most STIs are treatable or treatable. In the most common form of these infections, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis are cured, while herpes, hepatitis B, HIV / AIDS, and HPV are treatable, but are not curable. The resistance of some antibiotics is developing between certain organisms such as gonorrhea.
In 2015, about 1.1 billion people had STI in addition to HIV / AIDS, approximately 500 million or so were infected with Syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia or trichomoniasis. At least 530 million people have genital herpes and 290 million women have human papillomaviruses. In addition to HIV, STI resulted in 108,000 deaths in 2015. There were 19 million new cases of sexual infections in the United States in 2010. Historical documents of STI occur at least around 1550 BC and the Old Testament, at least with Ebber Papyrus. These infections often have shame and stigma. The term sexually transmitted infection is generally preferred over sexually transmitted disease or venereal disease because it includes people who do not have symptomatic disease.