Sinocytosis, also known as a sinus infection or rhinosinusitis, is an inflammation of the mucous membrane that shows signuscerutilation in symptoms. Common symptoms include thick nose mucus, a lethargic nose, and facial pain. Other signs and symptoms may include fever, headache, bad sense of smell, sore throat and cough. Coughing often gets worse in the night. Serious complications are rare. It is defined as acute sinusitis if it lasts less than 4 weeks, and in the form of chronic sinusitis, it lasts longer than 12 weeks.
Sinusitis may be due to structural problems in infection, allergic, air pollution or nasal. Most cases are due to a viral infection. A bacterial infection may occur if the symptoms last for more than ten days or if a person worsens after starting a recovery. People with asthma, cystic fibrosis and poor immune function are more prone to recurrent episodes. X-ray is not needed unless complications are suspected. In chronic cases, confirmation testing is recommended by direct visualization or calculation tomography.
Some cases can be prevented by hand washing, avoiding smoking and immunization. Painkillers like naproxen, nose steroids, and nasal irrigation can be used to help symptoms. Recommended initial treatment watch for acute sinusitis is waiting. If symptoms do not improve or worsen in 7-10 days, then an antibiotic can be used or changed. In those people, where antibiotics are used, the first line of amoxicillin or amoxicillin/clavulanate is recommended. Surgery can be used sometimes in those with chronic disease.
Sinocytosis is a normal condition. It affects between 10% and 30% of people in the United States and Europe each year. Women are more affected than men. Chronic sinusitis affects about 12.5% of people. In the United States, the treatment cost of sinusitis is more than the US $ 11 billion. Unnecessary and ineffective treatment of antibiotics with viral sinusitis is common.