Sports injuries are injuries during athletic activities or exercise. In the United States, approximately 30 million teenagers and children are combined who participate in organized sports in some form. Among them, nearly three million athletes are aged 14 and experience an annual sports injury. According to a study conducted at Stanford University, due to 21 percent of the injured athletes at the elite college athletes, athlete misses at least one day of the game, and about 77 percent of these injuries include lower legs, ankles, or Feet are covered.
In addition to those sports injuries, the main cause of death related to game injuries is the occurrence of painful head or neck. When an athlete complains of pain or injury, the key to diagnosis is to get a detailed history and examination. An example of the format used to direct an examination and treatment plan is S.O.A.P Note or subjective, objective, assessment, plan. Another important aspect of sports injury is prevention, which helps in reducing potential sports injuries. It is important to establish sports-specific dynamic warm-ups, stretching, and exercises that can help prevent injuries in each individual sport.
In the prevention of injury prevention programs, education involves hydrations, nutrition, monitoring of team members in "at risk", monitoring risk-behavior and improving the technology. Season analysis, review of pre-screening and pre-participation examinations are also necessary to identify pre-existing conditions or previous injuries, which can lead to further illness or injury. A technique that can be used in the process of prescan screening is the functional movement screen.
The functional movement screen can assess movement patterns in athletes to find players who are at risk of some injuries. Apart from this, prevention should be considered for adolescent athletes and they may need to be applied differently than adult athletes. Finally, after various research on the game's injury, it has been shown that levels of anxiety, stress, and depression increase when an athlete experiences injury based on the type of injury and severity.